Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma

Prisoner’s dilemma is a bargaining game where the biggest reward is only achieved when both players co operate, yet they might not do so.

Prisoner’s Dilemma

Prisoner’s dilemma is a bargaining game where the biggest reward is only achieved when both players co operate, yet they might not do so

What is a Conditioned Stimulus?

Conditioned stimulus is a part of the learning theory Classical Conditioning that is vital for the process of learning via association.

Examples of Shaping

Shaping is the process of establishing a behavior that is not learned or performed by an individual at present.

What is Shaping a Behavior?

Shaping is the process of establishing a behavior that is not learned or performed by an individual at present.

Yerkes – Dodson Law

The Yerkes – Dodson Law suggests that performance and arousal are directly related. In simpler terms, increase in arousal to a certain level can help to boost performance. Once the arousal crosses the optimal level, performance of the individual starts to diminish.

Theories of Motivation

Motivation can be defined as a reason (or reasons) which leads an individual to act in a certain way. Motivation is the force that causes an individual to take action and initiate, guide and maintain behaviors. There can be variety of different forces at play behind the cause of motivation. Over the years researchers and psychologists have come up with variety of different theories to explain the idea of motivation.

Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Expectancy theory (or Expectancy theory of motivation) proposes an individual will behave or act in a certain way because they are motivated to select a specific behavior over other behaviors due to what they expect the result of that selected behavior will be. (Wikipedia)

Incentive Theory of Motivation

The theory of motivation that suggests that the behavior is motivated because of reinforcement or incentives is referred to as Incentive Theory of Motivation.

Instinct Theory of Motivation

There have been various different approaches to explaining motivation. Based on these, there are different theories of motivation. One of them is Instinct Theory of Motivation which completely focuses on the biological approach to motivation.

The theory states that

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