Convergent Thinking

The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes on

Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test

Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is only meant to be administered in an interpersonal setting. The test consists of 20 different cards containing ambiguous pictures, which are presented to the subject.

Here are some of the key notes that will help you to understand the procedure better as you continue on this article.

Conflicts of Motives

In psychology, “A conflict is the anticipated frustration entailed in the choice of either alternative.” – Coleman.

The conflict that occurs within an individual and is affected by his motives is dubbed as Conflicts of Motives. This form of conflict occurs in an intrapersonal level.

Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow, the renowned researcher and psychologists, proposed a “hierarchy of needs” that demonstrates the human needs in the shape of a pyramid. The base of the motivational order begins with the fundamentals of life. The life-sustaining physiological needs are considered as the most important human needs, which must be met before moving on to higher needs. Higher needs don’t seem as urgent and aren’t persuaded when lower needs are not met.

Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

Motivation can be defined as a reason (or reasons) which leads an individual to act in a certain way. The phenomenon of motivation isn’t limited to just humans, and occurs in every organism living. The reasons might not always be the same between two individuals acting in a certain way, but almost every action is directed by certain motivation.

Extrinsic Motivation

Extrinsic motivation is one of the two types of motivation, which are:

Theories of Personality


"Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristics behavior and though" (Allport, 1961, p. 28).

“The characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique” (Weinberg & Gould, 1999).

Trait Theory of Personality

Traits, in psychology, refer to the ways in which we generally describe a person. The descriptive terms such as out-going, short tempered, generous are all traits. Trait approach is one of the most vital areas of study in psychology that helps identify a person’s personality. Traits can be defined as a stable characteristic that causes a person to depict a response to any situations in certain ways.

Situational and Projective Personality

In psychology, projective test refers to personality test in which a person's responses to different situations are analyzed. Thus, it is referred as Situational and Projective Personality test. Projective tests are assessment measures developed by psychoanalytic personality theorists.

The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model)

A remarkably strong consensus of what traits are basic has emerged over the last 20 years. Five super ordinate factors have emerged and are referred to as the Big Five Model of Personality or the Big Five Personality traits or the Five-Factor Model. Numerous amounts of research have been carried out to determine the basic personality traits. And the big five factor is supported by most of them.