General intelligence is referred to the existence of a mental capacity that influences the performance on cognitive level. The existence of general intelligence was proposed by Charles Spearman in 1904. General Intelligence is also known as g factor, but in simple terms, it can just be called intelligence.
The g factor is responsible for overall performance on mental ability tests. - Spearman
The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert Sternberg in the 1980s. The theory attempts to understand the human intelligence in terms of distinct components rather than a single ability.
The tri-archic theory by Sternberg categorized intelligence into three different aspects.
One of the most popular Typology in personality is Type Aand Type Bpersonality developed by Friedman and Rosenman in 1974. Two psychologists began the study of personality typology to check whether or not personality types were related to the risks of heart diseases.
Sir Francis Galton was the first man to attempt to measure intelligence. He conducted a battery of tests which measured such characteristics such as head size, visual acuity, breathing capacity, strength of hand grip, reaction time and memory for visual forms. The pioneer Englishman believed that simple sensory, perceptual and motor responses were the key aspects of intelligence.
Motivation cycle is a transition of states within an organism that propels the organism toward the satisfaction of a particular need, where motivation itself is considered a hypothesized state. Psychologists use the concept of need to describe the motivational properties of behavior.
Convergent and Divergent thinking are like two sides of a coin. They are completely in contrast with each other yet extremely important in our daily lives. It's not a must for one to always be in conjunction with another but they tend to function best when used in conjunction.
Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. This thought process is not as straight forward as convergent thinking, but used in conjunction with it. The term “divergent” refers to developing in different directions, so divergent thinking refers to opening the mind in various directions and trying out multiple solutions for a problem.